1905, Labor Day, Newark, America, Edilizia, Rara Antica Spilla, Emigrazione, Massoneria
BRICKLAYER'S, MASON'S & PLASTERERS UNION
SEPT, 4, 1905
Inusuale antica e rara spilla,
esemplare molto decorativo, a forma e uso coccarda, utilizzata probabilmente per essere appuntata ad una giacca,
con medaglione circolare artisticamente incorniciato, nel cui interno è presente la scritta commemorativa della antica associazione (Union) americana, forse un' associazione di operatori dell'edilizia, con anche raffigurati i tipici simboli della corporazione dei muratori o architetti, squadra e altri attrezzi edili;
spilla edita in occasione dell'evento commemorativo della giornata del lavoro, del 4 settembre 1905, probabilmente evento celebrato in tutti gli Stati Uniti d'America;
oggetto molto grazioso, e impreziosito anche da un coloratissimo nastrino in tessuto, nei colori e nella decorazione araldica tipica della bandiera americana, con anche le stelle su fondo blu;
esemplare eventualmente ascrivibile anche ad una associazione massonica americana, forse evento promosso da una locale Loggia della Massoneria d'America (?);
graziose dimensioni, misura circa cm.4 (diametro della spilla, in materiale plastico o tipo celluloide, compresa la artistica cornice in metallo leggero dorato), circa cm.8,5 (l'intera spilla compreso il nastrino colorato), circa cm.3,5 la larghezza del nastrino; al verso è presente la spilla metallica, utile per appuntare la coccarda-distintivo ad un abito o a un cappello (?); esemplare prodotto da una ditta di Newark (USA): The Whitehead & Hoag Co. (Newark, NJ, USA), con brevetto del 1896 così come specificato in una scritta impressa al verso; oggetto databile alla data della Labor Day, ossia al 1905, probabilmente esemplare conservato da un antico emigrante italiano che partecipò alla manifestazione americana dell'epoca.
DECORATIVO E DA COLLEZIONE!
Buona conservazione generale, segni e difetti d'uso e d'epoca, difetti vari marginali e sfilacciature al margine inferiore del nastrino, ma complessivamente oggetto ben conservato e molto fascinoso.
(le immagini allegate raffigurano alcuni particolari dell'intero oggetto, eventuali ulteriori informazioni a richiesta)
In 1882, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed the holiday while serving as secretary of the CLU (Central Labor Union) of New York. Others argue that it was first proposed by Peter J. McGuire of the American Federation of Labor in May 1882, after witnessing the annual labor festival held in Toronto, Canada.
Oregon was the first state to make it a holiday in 1887. By the time it became a federal holiday in 1894, thirty states officially celebrated Labor Day. Following the deaths of a number of workers at the hands of the U.S. military and U.S. Marshals during thePullman Strike, the United States Congress unanimously voted to approve rush legislation that made Labor Day a national holiday; President Grover Cleveland signed it into law a mere six days after the end of the strike. The September date originally chosen by the CLU of New York and observed by many of the nation's trade unions for the past several years was selected rather than the more widespread International Workers' Day because Cleveland was concerned that observance of the latter would be associated with the nascent Communist, Syndicalist and Anarchist movements that, though distinct from one another, had rallied to commemorate the Haymarket Affair in International Workers' Day. All U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the territories have made it a statutory holiday.
Pattern of celebration
The form for the celebration of Labor Day was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday: A street parade to exhibit to the public "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations", followed by a festival for the workers and their families. This became the pattern for Labor Day celebrations. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the civil significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
The holiday is often regarded as a day of rest and parties. Speeches or political demonstrations are more low-key than May 1 Labor Day celebrations in most countries, although events held by labor organizations often feature political themes and appearances by candidates for office, especially in election years. Forms of celebration include picnics, barbecues, fireworks displays, water sports, and public art events. Families with school-age children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of summer recess. Similarly, some teenagers and young adults view it as the last weekend for parties before returning to school, although school starting times now vary.
Retail Sale Day
To take advantage of large numbers of potential customers free to shop, Labor Day has become an important sale weekend for many retailers in the United States. Some retailers claim it is one of the largest sale dates of the year, second only to the Christmas season's Black Friday.
Ironically, because of the importance of the sale weekend, some of those who are employed in the retail sector not only work on Labor Day, but work longer hours. More Americans work in the retail industry than any other, with retail employment making up 24% of all jobs in the United States. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that of those employed in the retail sector, only 3% are members of a Labor Union.
End of summer
Labor Day has come to be celebrated by most Americans as the symbolic end of the summer. In high society, Labor Day is (or was) considered the last day of the year when it is fashionable to wear white or seersucker.
In U.S. sports, Labor Day marks the beginning of the NFL and college football seasons. NCAA teams usually play their first games the week before Labor Day, with the NFL traditionally playing their first game the Thursday following Labor Day. The Southern 500 NASCAR auto race was held that day from 1950 to 1983 in Darlington, South Carolina. AtIndianapolis Raceway Park, the National Hot Rod Association hold their finals to the U.S. Nationals drag race.
In the U.S., most school districts that started summer vacation in early June will resume school the day after this day (see First Day of School), while schools that had summer vacation begin on the Saturday before Memorial Day in late May will have already been in session since late August. However this tradition is changing as many school districts end in early June and begin mid-August. (da wikipedia)